Fasting articles


Fasting and Praying in Scandinavian countries

Reference: Abhaath Hayat Kibaar Al-Ulamaa Vol.4 p.454 Question: My sister and her husband currently live in Germany, she recently wrote to me asking me whether it is an obligation upon her and the Muslims there to fast the month of Ramadhan. She said: The sun remains risen (i.e. it is daytime) for 20 hours, and


Using observatories and telescopes to determine when the month begins and ends

What is the Islamic way by which the beginning of the month is determined? Is it permitted to rely upon calculations of astronomical observatories to know when the month begins and ends?