Clarifying misconceptions regarding Muhammad bin AbdilWahhaab – 6

● Download PDF copy

Reference: Tas.heeh mafaaheem khaatiah fee qadhiyyah muhimmah – Daar al-Qaasim

The Sixth Matter: ‘Tajseem’ (to believe that Allaah has a bodily form)

From the lies that are spread regarding the Shaykh that he is a ‘Mujassim’ i.e. he equates the attributes of Allaah to the attributes of creation by giving him a bodily form.

The Shaykh mentioned his belief with regards to this and he is distanced from what his opposers say regarding him. He said,

“From Imaan in Allaah: is to have Imaan in what He attributed to Himself in His book or upon the tongue of His messenger. This is affirmed without any type of alteration or negation. Rather I believe that there is nothing comparable to Allaah (the Glorified and Most High) and He is the All-Hearing and All-Seeing. I do not negate any attribute that He affirmed for Himself nor do I change the intended meaning of any statement. I do not deviate in His names and attributes; I do not question the reality of his attributes nor do I equate them to the attributes of his creation. This is because there is no being comparable or equal to Him nor does He have any partner. He cannot be compared to his creation.

Rather He (may He Glorified) possesses more knowledge of Himself and of other than Him, he is the most truthful and eloquent in speech. He exalted Himself from what was attributed to Him by the opposers such as those who question the reality of His attributes or equate his attributes to the attributes of creation” [1]

He said:

{Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him; peace be on the Messengers; all the praise and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.} [37:180 -182]

It is known that to negate the attributes of Allaah is the total opposite of [affirming the attributes and then] affirming a body and shape for Allaah. So those who affirm this (the former) are the enemies of those who affirm that (the latter); the truth however, is between these two [extremes]. [2]

The Seventh Matter: Opposing the scholars

Some people say: Shaykh Muhammad bin AbdilWahhaab has opposed the scholars in his message that he called to; he did not attach any importance to their speech and did not rely on their books. [They claim] that he came with something new and established a fifth ‘Madhhab’ (school of thought).

The best person to explain the reality of the situation is the Shaykh himself, he said:

“We only blindly-follow the Book, Sunnah, the righteous predecessors of this Ummah as well as the relied upon opinion of the four Imaams: Abu Haneefah Nu’maan bin Thaabit, Maalik bin Anas, Muhammad bin Idrees (ash-Shaafi’ee) and Ahmad bin Hanbal – may Allaah have mercy upon them all.” [3]

“If you ever hear of me giving a verdict which is not in conformity with the unanimous agreement of the people of knowledge, then [you have a right] to criticise me” [4]

“If you claim that the people of knowledge differ to what I am upon, then my books are present…” [5]

“I debate the Hanafee using the speech of the contemporary Hanafee scholars; as for the Maalikee, Shaafi’ee and Hanbalee then I do not debate him by using the speech of the relied upon contemporary scholrs of the Madhhab (school of thought).” [6]

“In summary, that which I forbid is: to believe in other than Allaah that which is not permissible to do so. So if I have said this from my self then reject it, if I have taken it from a book that is not relied upon then reject it, if I have said this narrating it from only the people of my ‘Madhhab’ (translate?) then reject it. However, if I have said it due to the command of Allaah and His Messenger (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam), as well as the consensus of the scholars in every Madhhab: [if this is the case] then it is not appropriate for a person who believes in Allaah and the Last Day to reject this and turn away from it due to the people of his time or country, or because the majority of the people in his time have rejected it.” [7]

Footnotes

[1] Ad-Durrar as-Siniyyah 1/29
[2] Ibid 3/11
[3] Muallafaat ash-Shaykh 5/96
[4] Ibid. 1/53
[5] Ibid 2/58
[6] Ibid 1/82
[7] Ibid 1/76

تصحيح مفاهيم خاطئة في قضية مهمة – الجزء السادس

المرجع: رسالة باسم العنوان، طبعها دار القاسم

المسألة السادسة: التجسيم

مما يثار عن الشيخ – أيضاً – أنه مجسِّم – أي يُمثل صفات الله بصفات خلقه. وقد ذكر الشيخ معتقده في هذا الباب وهو بعيد كل البعد عما يلصقه به مخالفوه، إذ يقول:

(من الإيمان بالله: الإيمانُ بما وصف به نفسه في كتابه وعلى لسان رسوله ، من غير تحريف ولا تعطيل، بل أعتقد أن الله سبحانه وتعالى ليس كمثله شيء وهو السميع البصير، فلا أنفي عنه ما وصف به نفسه ولا أحرف الكلم عن مواضعه، ولا ألحد في أسمائه وصفاته، ولا أكيف ولا أمثل صفاته تعالى بصفات خلقه، لأنه سبحانه لا سمي له، ولا كفؤ له، ولا ند له، ولا يقاس بخلقه. فإنه سبحانه أعلم بنفسه وبغيره، وأصدق قيلاً وأحسن حديثاً، فنزه نفسه عما وصف به المخالفون من أهل التكييف والتمثيل، وعما نفاه عنه أهل التحريف والتعطيل فقال)

{سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ} [الصافات:180-182]

 [الدرر السنية:1/29]

(ومعلوم أن التعطيل ضد التجسيم، وهل هذا أعداء لأهل هذا، والحق وسط بينهما) [الدرر السنية:3/11]

المسألة السابعة: مخالفة العلماء

بعض الناس يقول: أن الشيخ محمد بن عبد الوهاب قد خالف سائر العلماء فيما دعا إليه، ولم يلتفت إلى قولهم، ولم يعتمد على كتبهم، وإنما خرج بشيء جديد، وأتى بمذهب خامس. وخير من يبين حقيقة الحال هو الشيخ نفسه، حيث يقول:

(نحن مقلدون الكتاب والسنة وصالح سلف الأمة وما عليه الإعتماد من أقوال الأئمة الأربعة: أبي حنيفة النعمان بن ثابت، ومالك بن أنس، ومحمد بن إدريس، وأحمد بن حنبل رحمهم الله ) [مؤلفات الشيخ:5/96]

(فإن سمعتم أني أفتيت بشيء خرجت فيه عن إجماع أهل العلم توجه علي القول) [الدرر السنية:1/53]

(إن كنتم تزعمون أن أهل العلم على خلاف ما أنا عليه فهذه كتبهم موجودة) [الدرر السنية:2/58]

(أنا أخاصم الحنفي بكلام المتأخرين من الحنفية، والمالكي والشافعي والحنبلي فلا أخاصمه بكلام المتأخرين من علماء مذهبه الذين يعتمد عليهم) [الدرر السنية:1/82]

(وبالجملة فالذي أنكره: الإعتقاد في غير الله مما لا يجوز لغيره، فإن كنت قلته من عندي فارم به، أو من كتاب لقيته ليس عليه العمل فارم به كذلك، أو نقلته عن أهل مذهبي فارم به، وإن كنت قلته عن أمر الله ورسوله عليه الصلاة والسلام وعما أجمع عليه العلماء في كل مذهب فلا ينبغي لرجل يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر أن يعرض عنه لأجل أهل زمانه، أو أهل بلده، أو أن أكثر الناس في زمانه أعرضوا عنه ) [الدرر السنية:1/76]

4421 Views
Abul Abbaas, Naveed Ayaaz

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2010. He currently resides in Nelson, Lancashire.

Related posts

Top