Beneficial articles regarding Tawassul: Article 02

Reference: مقالات نافعة في التوسل – 1/5

In the name of Allāh, the most Merciful, the Bestower of mercy.

The definition of Tawassul.

The linguistic definition: Ibn Fāris said, ‘al-wasīlah, ar-raghbah (desire) and at-talab (seeking out); it is said “wa-sa-la” when a person desires [something]; “al-wāsil” is a person who desires [what is with] Allah, the exalted.

This meaning is found in the poetry of Labīd,

“I see people, not comprehending, the magnitude of their affair … rather every person, possessing piety is to Allāh, Wāsil (i.e. desiring of Him and His reward).”

Ibn al-Athīr said, ‘al-wasīlah is an action of seeking closeness; it is the avenue through which a person reaches something or becomes closer to it. Its plural is “wasāil”. [1]

Al-Wasīlah in the Sharī’ah: The term “wasīlah” is found in the Sharī’ah with two meanings:

First meaning: Seeking closeness to Allah through Imān and righteous actions. Allāh said,

{O you who have believed, fear Allah and seek a means [of nearness] to Him (Wasīlah) and strive in His cause that you may succeed} [05:35]

Ibn Jarīr said, ‘{and seek a wasīlah to Him} i.e. seek closeness to Him through righteous actions which please Him.’

Allah, the Most High, said,

{Those whom they invoke, [they themselves] seek means of access (wasīlah) to their Lord, [striving as to] which of them would be nearest, and they hope for His mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is ever feared} [17:57]

Al-Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajr said, ‘those people who used to worship Jinn, persisted in their worship of them, despite the Jinn being displeased with it because the Jinn accepted Islam and would seek a wasīlah (i.e. closeness through righteous actions) to Allāh.’ [2]

This form of Tawassul is an obligation which Allāh has obligated upon both jinn and mankind, because this is the very essence of Islām i.e. to seek closeness to Allā through Imān in Him and His messenger ﷺ, following what has been revealed,  fulfilling the commandments and abandoning the prohibitions.

Second meaning: It is a status in Jannah which is exclusive to a worshipper from amongst the worshippers of Allāh.

‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr ibn al-Āṣ (radiAllāhu ‘anhu) said, he heard the Prophet ﷺ  say,

‘when you hear the Muadhhin, repeat what he said, then send Ṣalāh upon me. Whoever says Ṣalāh upon me once, Allāh sends Ṣalāh upon him ten times. And then ask Allah to grant me the wasīlah. It is status in Jannah which is exclusive to a worshipper from the worshippers of Allāh, and I have hope I am that person. Whoever asks for me to be given al-wasīlah, my Shafā’ah (intercession) will be granted to him).’ [3]

Seeking wasīlah through the Prophet ﷺ according to the practice of the Ṣaḥābah.

Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah said, ‘as for seeking Tawassul through the Prophet ﷺ, and the context of its wording with the Ṣaḥhābah, they meant by it making tawassul through his Du’ās (supplications) and his Shafā’ah.’ [4]

Tawassul via Du’a is for a person to connect between his supplication and the supplication of another person who may be a cause for his supplication to be answered – and this is the very topic of this series of articles.

Continue to article 03

Footnotes

[1] an-Nihāyah Vol. 5 P. 184.

[2] al-Fatḥ Vol. 8 P. 397.

[3] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim Vol 1. P. 288.

[4] Qā’idah Jalīlah fī at-tawassul wal wasīlah, P.80.


مقالات نافعة في التوسل ـ تعريف التوسل

المرجع: مقالات نافعة في التوسل – 1/5

التوسل لغة : قال ابن فارس: الوسيلة الرغبة والطلب يقال وسل إذا رغب والواسل الراغب إلى الله عز وجل. وهو في قول لبيد :

أرى الناس لا يدرون ما قدر أمرهم… بلى كل ذي دين إلى الله واسل

وقال ابن الأثير: الوسيلة القربة وما يتوصل به إلى الشيء ويتقرب به وجمعها وسائل. [1]

الوسيلة في لغة الشارع : جاءت الوسيلة في الشرع على معنيين :

الأول: طلب القربة إلى الله بالإيمان والعمل الصالح :قال تعالى

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَابْتَغُواْ إِلَيهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ وَجَاهِدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ} 35: سورة المائدة

قال ابن جرير (وابتغوا إليه الوسيلة) واطلبوا القربة إليه بالعمل بما يرضيه. وقال تعالى

{أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَى رَبِّهِمُ الْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا} 57: سورة الإسراء

قال الحافظ ابن حجر: أي استمر الإنس الذين كانوا يعبدون الجن على عبادة الجن والجن لا يرضون بذلك لكونهم أسلموا وهم الذين صاروا يبتغون إلى ربهم الوسيلة. [2]

وهذا التوسل فرض افترضه الله على الثقلين الإنس والجن لأنه هو الإسلام وهو أن يتقربوا إليه بالإيمان به وبرسوله واتباع ما أنزل وفعل ما أمر به واجتناب ما نهى عنه .

منزلة في الجنة لا تنبغي إلا لعبد من عباد الله : عن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص أنه سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: “إذا سمعتم المؤذن فقولوا مثل ما يقول ثم صلوا علي فإنه من صلى علي صلاة صلى الله عليه بها عشرا ثم سلوا الله لي الوسيلة فإنها منزلة في الجنة لا تنبغي إلا لعبد من عباد الله وأرجو أن أكون أنا هو فمن سأل لي الوسيلة حلت له الشفاعة” صحيح مسلم [3]

التوسل بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في عرف الصحابة:

قال شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية : ” وأما التوسل بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم والتوجه به في كلام الصحابة فيريدون به التوسل بدعائه وشفاعته”[4].

التوسل في الدعاء :أن يقرن الداعي بدعائه ما يكون سبباً في قبول دعائه.

وهذا هو محل البحث في هذه الرسالة.

وللحديث بقية إن شاء الله ؛؛ والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

[1] النهاية 5/184

[2] الفتح 8/397

[3] صحيح مسلم ج 1 ص 288

[4] قاعدة جليلة في التوسل والوسيلة ص 80

 

 

http://www.SalafiEventsUK.com

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2010. He currently resides in Nelson, Lancashire.

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